Exploring Barnegat Lighthouse State Park’s Maritime Forest!
Welcome to Barnegat Lighthouse State Park! The 32 acre park is located on the northern tip of Long Beach Island New Jersey and is considered an important bird area due to the many variations of water fowl which may be found.
The main focal point of the 32 acre state park is the Barnegat Lighthouse which you can climb to see outstanding views of the surrounding Barnegat Bay, Atlantic Ocean and massive development which is found south of the park on Long Beach Island New Jersey.
As special as “Old Barney” is (another name for the lighthouse), what is found growing near it may be even more special. Looking down from the lighthouse you will see a brief patch of woods next to the parking lot for the state park. This patch of woods consists of a plant community known as a Maritime Forest or also known as a dune woodland. This woodland is about the only forested area remaining on Long Beach Island.
From the map above you can easily tell that the parking lot for the state park is bigger than the small remnant maritime forest.
Maritime Forests are found generally beyond the reach of heavy salt spray in moister and protected hollows found behind primary sand dunes. Nonetheless enough salt spray still reaches the maritime forest and can severely stunt growth of the plant community by drying plant tissue. Salt killed sections of the plant then fall off in the wind which makes the plant appear to be pruned.
The maritime forest is dominated by:
- Black Cherry
- Pitch Pine
- Red Maple
- Virginia Creeper
- Beach Plum
- American Beach Grass
- Beach Heather
- Eastern Red Cedar
- American Holly
Migrant bird species take advantage of this incredibly rare and important remnant maritime forest. Migrant birds you might see include the below among other species:
You can explore this living museum by hiking a .02 mile interpretive (my personal favorite type!) loop trail which branches off near the visitor center. Check out some pictures of the trail below!
This special woodland may be small but should not be overlooked. Be sure to check it out if you are on Long Beach Island!
Barnegat Lighthouse State Park is situated on the northern tip of Long Beach Island in Ocean County. The park can be reached by taking the Garden State Parkway to exit 63. From Route 72 east, turn left onto Long Beach Blvd. and then left onto Broadway. The park entrance is on the right.
Feel free to Comment with any Questions, Memories or Suggestions! Thank you and have fun exploring!
Check out Plant Communities of New Jersey.
NJ’s geology, topography and soil, climate, plant-plant and plant-animal relationships, and the human impact on the environment are all discussed in great detail. Twelve plant habitats are described and the authors were good enough to put in examples of where to visit!
Click here for more information!